Cause of leptospirosis in pigs

Leptospirosis is a contagious disease of swine and many other animals (including humans) and is caused by infection with any one of a large group of Leptospira spp. serovars. Although the generalities of leptospirosis in swine are presented here, details of infection with different serovars may vary Serogroups Pomona, Canicola, Tarassovi, Ictero-haemorrhagiae, Sejroe and Australis all occur in pigs The organisms cause septicaemia, damage the liver and penetrate the kidney tubules. Leptospirae are shed in the urine Interstitial nephritis, leptospirosis, pig. Courtesy of the Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph. Abortions occurring 2-4 wk before term are the most common manifestation of leptospirosis in pigs. Piglets produced at term may be dead or weak and may die soon after birth. The principal differential diagnosis is porcine reproductive. Leptospiras are spiral bacteria, which are associated with a wide range of diseases in many species. One of the best known is L.icterohaemorrhagiae, the cause of Weils Disease in man, which is primarily carried by rats and can be seen as a systemic disease in young pigs, albeit sporadically

The disease is caused by Leptospira bacteria. In Australia there are 4 types, or serovars, of the bacteria. Serovar Pomona causes abortions, foetal deaths, premature farrowings, stillbirths and the birth of feeble piglets, which grow poorly or do not survive. Serovar Bratislava is linked to stillbirths Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease causing reproductive issues in breeding herds worldwide. The bacteria targets both the kidneys and the reproductive tract, and is excreted via urine and genital fluids

Leptospirosis causes reproductive problems, and liver and kidney failure in pigs. The bacteria are typically shed in the urine of infected animals. People acquire the infection by accidental ingestion and contact with contaminated urine, placenta, and fetal tissues. The organism can infect through abraded skin Leptospirosis occurs in dogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, South American camelids and farmed cervids, but illness seems to be rare in cats. Disease also seems to be uncommon in camels, although this might result from nomadic husbandry rather than innate resistance. Leptospirosis has been reported occasionally in zoo animals o Infant pigs are usually killed, and show jaundice, fever, convulsions, hemorrhagia, bloodstained urine, pink eyes and renal failure. Pregnant sows often show hardly any symptoms but will abort a few weeks after infection, and this can sometimes be the only sign a stock is carrying leptospirosis Greasy pig disease, also known as exudative dermatitis, is caused by an infestation of the Staphylococcus Hyicus bacteria. Usually, it appears as dark lesions on the skin of your pig, which later spread and become flaky. Over time, they become - you guessed it - greasy The bacteria that cause Leptospirosis have been found in cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents, and wild animals. Leptospirosis is an important disease passed from animals to people. Outbreaks of disease in humans are usually caused by exposure to water contaminated with the urine of infected animals

Ringworm. Cause of disease : Dermatophyte fungi. Clinical signs in swine: crusty, dark, hairless patches, common on the skin around the head and neck, thorax, flank, behind the ears, on the legs. Ringworms lesions in pigs. Clinical signs in humans: local itching, reddish skin, and hairlessness at the point of contact Leptospirosis in feral swine is caused by members of the spirochete bacteria Leptospira interrogans, most commonly serovars bratislava and pomona. How is it transmitted

Leptospira interrogans (especially serovar Pomona) is a major cause of reproductive failure in swine (infertility, abortion, stillbirths, and the birth of weak piglets). Although acute leptospirosis occurs in adult swine, most cases are asymptomatic. Pigs infected with serovars Pomona and Bratislava can become chronic renal carriers Outbreaks of leptospirosis tend to occur Leptospires are spread by the urine of infected animals (rodents, dogs, livestock, pigs, horses, wildlife). The bacteria can survive for weeks to months in urine-contaminated water and soil.Leptospira spp. bacteria People can be infected throug Leptospirosis, also called Weil disease, is the most common zoonotic infection in the world. Leptospirosis is caused by an infection with the spirochete bacterium Leptospira. It is most often spread through exposure to the urine of infected animals either from direct contact or from contact with soil or water contaminated by the urine 3. it is a common cause of rhinitis in pigs of all ages; and 4. it can cause permanent deformity of the snout. Erysipelas vaccination is recommended (at 6 and 9 weeks of age) because it is endemic and causes crippling arthritis in pigs. Leptospirosis vaccination is recommended (at 6 and 9 weeks of age) because leptospirosis is endemic in pigs.

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Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease of humans and animals. It is caused by Leptospira bacteria that are excreted in urine from infected animals including mice, rats, cattle, pigs and dogs. What are the symptoms? Common initial symptoms of leptospirosis include fever, severe headache, sore muscles, chills, vomiting, and red eyes Leptospirosis is a zoonosis & is caused by animals such as rodents , which excrete leptospira in the urine & contaminate the environment . The other animals are dogs , cattle & pigs . The important epidemiological risk factors are 1) environmental.. Leptospirosis is caused by spirochaete bacteria that belong to the genus Leptospira, which are aerobic, right-handed helical, and 6 -20 micrometers long. Like Gram-negative bacteria, Leptospira have an outer membrane studded with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the surface, an inner membrane and a layer of peptidoglycan cell wall var pomona causes clinical signs that are intermediate in se-verity and is characterized by high titers of antibody, variable clinical signs, and a renal carrier state. The major losses to the swine industry associated with leptospirosis are caused by abor-tions, stillbirths, weak pigs, and infertility. Diagnosi

Some wild and domestic animals, such as cattle, pigs, dogs, raccoons, and rodents, carry the Leptospira bacteria and pass them in their urine. Soil or water contaminated with infected urine is the most common route of human infection. In late 2004 King County began to see an increase in leptospirosis in dogs Leptospirosis, brucellosis, and Q fever (coxiellosis) are bacterial zoonoses that cause acute febrile illness in people as well as reproductive losses in pigs. Pig keeping is an increasingly important livelihood to millions of smallholder farmers in Uganda because of exponential increases in demand for pork become sources of spread. Leptospirosis can cause abortion, infertility, mummified pigs, and stillborn or weak pigs; so it is an econom-ically important disease. Leptospirosis can also be a zoonotic disease, causing either severe liver disease or flu-like symptoms in people. A leptospirosis vaccination program follow

Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is a disease caused by a bacterium that has affinity for kidneys and genital tracts. Can also cause reproductive problems. Lice infestation Haematopinus suis is the pig louse which can cause anemia, and is the main route of swinepox transmission Vernon Ansdell, in Netter's Infectious Diseases, 2012. Transmission and Risk of Infection. Leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans) is a spirochete infection that occurs worldwide except in polar regions. The organism survives best in warm, humid conditions and is most common in the tropics and subtropics, with many wild and domestic animal reservoirs including rats, mice, dogs, pigs, and. Author summary Leptospirosis is an important bacterial zoonosis that affects people and animals worldwide. It is common in tropical areas, especially in island ecosystems. Because islands are relatively small, isolated, and have limited health and diagnostic facilities, the disease burden is often underestimated. In this systematic review, we aimed to describe the extent of leptospirosis in. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease with a worldwide distribution. In Vietnam, leptospirosis is considered endemic. In pigs, leptospirosis can result in reproductive problems (such as abortion and infertility) which lead to economic loss. In addition, transmission to people presents a public health risk. In Vietnam, few national studies have been conducted on sero-prevalence of. Pigs are susceptible to infection by Leptospira interrogans, just like dogs and people, and if infected a pet pig would be equally capable of shedding the bacterium in its urine and potentially transmitting the disease. The issues around requiring vaccination of pigs for leptospirosis are very similar to those around making leptospirosis a.

Leptospirosis Iowa State Universit

Leptospirosis in Pigs. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that colonises the kidneys and genital tract of the host. The disease can be spread to humans and other animals when leptospires are shed in the urine and from the reproductive tract into the surrounding environment Western Magazine reported 10 feral pigs were captured in the western region toward the end of last year, routine blood testing was carried out which revealed nine of the pigs were positive for Leptospirosis Pomona (also known as a zoonotic disease). Leptospirosis Pomona can be spread between pigs and humans through contact with birthing fluids. Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonosis of public health importance transmitted through contact with contaminated soil, water or urine of infected animals. In pigs the disease is characterized by abortion, still births and weak piglets. A cross-sectional study was conducted in May to July 2018 to estimate the sero-prevalence of leptospirosis and factors associated with seropositivity in. The disease is a significant occupational health and safety issue for pigs, producers and the most important method of prevention is vaccination of the herd. Leptospirosis is a contagious disease of swine and many other animals (including humans) and is caused by infection with any one of a large group of Leptospira spp. serovars

PigProgress - Leptospirosi

Pigs can be colonized by different microorganisms before weaning, but some of those early colonizing agents are potentially pathogenic. This is the case with Glaesserella parasuis, a commensal organism of the upper respiratory tract of swine that causes severe systemic disease characterized by fibrinous polyserositis, arthritis, and meningitis.. Disease has a sudden onset, short course, and. Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. The disease occurs all over the world, but is most common in warm climates. Leptospirosis can infect cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, and wild animals such as rodents (rats, mice), mongoose, and sea mammals Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with a kind of bacteria called Leptospira. Leptospirosis can cause kidney failure and liver failure, and occasionally severe lung disease and bleeding disorders. The clinical signs of Leptospira infection vary considerably from no signs of infection, to just a mild illness of short duration from.

Leptospirosis Symptoms and Causes - There are several animals that can transmit leptospirosis, including, cows, dogs, pigs, reptile groups, amphibian groups, rats, and other rodents.. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease or infection (transmitted from animals) caused by serotypes and spirochete bacteria called Leptospira interrogans Tell the doctor that leptospirosis may be a cause of your symptoms. 09/ Breaking the cycle of infection in animals. To break the cycle of infection, a robust vaccination programme is essential. It should be ongoing, with an annual booster vaccination, and be part of a wider protective plan. buying pigs from accredited leptospirosis-free. Salmonella choleraesuis causes septicemia in weaned pigs, less than 5 months of age. Occasionally other ages of pigs can be affected. Duration of the disease is highly variable. The first symptom seen in infected pigs is fever, accompanied by lethargy and anorexia. While the morbidity rate is low (<10%), cases tend to be fatal

Leptospirosis is a disease of humans, domestic animals, and wild animals caused by the bacteria Leptospira interrogans.There are several distinct subtypes of L. interrogans that cause varying degrees of disease severity depending on the species that becomes infected Leptospirosis is a widespread and potentially fatal zoonosis that is endemic in many tropical regions and causes large epidemics after heavy rainfall and flooding. Infection results from direct or indirect exposure to infected reservoir host animals that carry the pathogen in their renal tubules and shed pathogenic leptospires in their urine Leptospirosis iscaused by bacteria called leptospira, which is found in urine of infected animals and infection can spread from animals to humans. Rodents, Cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goat, pigs and dogs are considered common reservoirs of the bacteria that cause leptospirosis Leptospirosis The infection can cause kidney problems, generalised illness, or sows to abort if they develop the infection during early pregnancy. Although infections of the Leptospirosis bacteria are not common in pigs, it is recognised as a health hazard to people dealing with pigs and cattle Infectious Causes of Infertility in Sows. Any time a sow farrows prematurely, there is the fear that additional litters will be lost. An abortion rate of less than 2 percent is considered an acceptable level in most herds. Premature farrowing usually results from nutritional, genetic or environmental stresses, but the exact cause is often.

Leptospirosis in Swine - Generalized Conditions - Merck

leptospirosis bacteria from urine or organs taken at post-mortem; this is not usually very successful, as the organism is difficult to culture. Economic loss due to leptospirosis In individual herds leptospirosis can cause severe economic loss: • On dairy farms this can be due to outbreaks of mastitis and a significant decrease in mil Who gets Leptospirosis? Leptospirosis affects humans, wild animals, and domestic animals. Rodents are one of the primary reservoirs for Leptospira. Of domestic animals, it is most commonly diagnosed in cattle, pigs, and dogs. Leptospirosis in cats is rare What causes leptospirosis? Leptospirosis is caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria belonging to the genus Leptospira. Leptospirosis is a zoonosis (an infectious disease which can be transmitted from animals to humans). Wild and domestic animals such as rodents, dogs, cattle, pigs, and horses are the reservoirs of the disease Causes Of Leptospirosis One gets affected by the bacterial infection on coming in contact with water, vegetation or wet soil that has been contaminated by the urine of the affected animals. The common carries of the Leptospira bacteria are rodents (mice and rats), pigs, cattle, dogs and horses [13] return to Swine Manual index. Definition. Porcine parvovirus (PPV) can cause reproductive failure in naïve dams. It is characterized by the occurrence of large numbers of mummified fetuses, an increase in the number of returns to estrus, small litters, failures to farrow, decreased farrowing rate, and rarely abortion

NADIS Animal Health Skills - Leptospirosis in Pig

Leptospirosis in pigs Business Queenslan

Leptospirosis in dogs is a bacterial infection that spreads through the bloodstream. Dogs can get leptospirosis from puddles or bodies of water that carry urine from infected wildlife. The bacteria infiltrate a dog's body by burrowing into their skin. Canine leptospirosis can be a serious, life-threatening disease Fig 1: Leptospirosis is a common cause of abortion in dairy and beef herds. Fig 2: Leptospirosis can cause milk drop affecting a large proportion of the herd. Leptospirosis affects humans causing influenza-like symptoms with severe headaches but can be treated effectively Virtually all wild and domestic mammals can harbour the bacteria that cause leptospirosis in their kidneys and genital tracts and serve as source of infection to humans and other animals. Rodents were the first acknowledged carriers of leptospirosis and are considered the main source of infection to human beings Leptospirosis occurs in all farm animal species and is an important zoonosis. It is an acute or chronic or clinical inapparent infection with multiorgan failure in humans, characterized by fever, icterus / conjunctivitis and myalgia. It causes septicemia, interstitial nephritis, haemolytic anemia and abortion in most species of animals, and.

Leptospirosis - Swine Disease

  1. ated with infected animal urine
  2. Leptospirosis or 'Lepto' is an infectious bacterial disease. There are hundreds of strains of Leptospirosis, but the two that affect livestock production are Leptospira hardjobovis (harboured and spread by cattle) and Leptospira pomona (harboured and spread by feral pigs. Leptospirosis can cause late term abortionsin pregnan
  3. LEPTOSPIROSIS. Leptospirosis has been reported as a cause of reproductive loss in swine from all parts of the world. 2 Leptospirosis is caused by a variety of motile, aerobic spirochetes from the Leptospira genus. The leptospires that affect animal species (the parasitic strains) are grouped into about 23 serogroups containing approximately 212 serovars based on complicated agglutination.
  4. Leptospirosis has been implicated in spontaneous abortions in horses, cows, and pigs. 3 L interrogans batavia has been implicated in spontaneous abortions in dogs. 3. Clinical signs of subacute leptospirosis tend to be vague and mild compared with those of acute infection

Zoonoses Associated with Swine Institutional Animal Care

Occurrence: Worldwide. Species affected: Pigs, ruminants, humans, other animals. Age affected: All, but most common grower to adult. Causes: Gram positive spore-forming encapsulated bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. Effects: Affected pigs may develop fever to 42˚C (107˚F), and swelling of the neck (pharyngeal form) followed by depression, vomiting and reluctance to eat, increasing difficulty in. Leptospirosis infection can cause extensive damage to the kidney or liver. In these cases, hospitalization for aggressive fluid therapy and other medical management is necessary to treat the resulting kidney or liver failure. The prognosis in these cases is more guarded, but recovery is still possible.. Risk Factors and Causes Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that spreads through direct contact with the urine of infected animals or contaminated water, soil or food. A lot of different animals — both domesticated and wild — can be infected with lepto including rodents, dogs, cats, pigs, cattle and horses Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira . In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases

  1. Pigs. Leptospira serovars Pomona and Bratislava are the most common causes of infection, and chronic leptospirosis is the most common form of the disease in pigs. Pigs are the maintenance host for serovar Bratislava, which generally does not cause clinical disease other than reproductive failure, including occasional abortions and stillbirths
  2. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria that affects humans and animals. In humans it causes a wide range of symptoms and some. p. How is leptospirosis spread? Humans become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from infected cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents, and wil
  3. Causes of Weil Disease. Leptospirosis (Weil disease) is caused by an infection with leptospires, Although it is an occupational hazard, like in farm workers dealing with infected cattle or pigs, most incidents occur with recreational contact with animals such as rats and dogs. Contact with the urine increases the chances of infection
  4. Leptospirosis pomona can wreak havoc in a pig herd. It can cause a lot of different issues, including, fever, diarrhea, not eating, abortion, stillbirths, and weak piglets. Infected urine from dogs, cows, rats, and pigs carries the virus. The organism enters through the nasal passages, mouth, or a cut in the skin
  5. Leptospirosis, also known as Weil's disease in humans, is a zoonotic disease caused by several species of spiral-shaped bacteria in the genus Leptospira.The organisms are motile and require moist environments to survive. Almost all mammals are susceptible to leptospirosis and clinical syndromes are well known in seals, sea lions, and black rhinoceros. Many strains have been isolated from.
  6. The organisms apparently cause no harm to their normal hosts, but if they are transmitted accidentally to other animals or to human beings, they may give rise to clinical infection, leptospirosis, with disease manifestations that vary from the relatively mild to extremely severe. The most virulent types may cause spirochaetal jaundice
  7. operations as it can cause massive production losses and swine brucellosis can be contracted by both humans and domestic livestock. Several other diseases can cause loss of production in domestic livestock operations, death to commercial pigs, and large-scale economic loss to the producers
Keeping leptospirosis out of your home | Inquirer Business

Leptospirosis in animals - symptoms and outcome

For a breeding potbelly pig or a pig on a show type circuit they are vaccinated differently than a pig that stays at home. The vaccines for Haemophilus, E. coli, TGE, Rotovirus, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV, corona virus), Leptospirosis, Parvovirus, Mycoplasma, Pasteurella, Salmonella and the Clostridial diseases may also be indicated Research has shown a prevalence of around 3% in feral pigs in northern NSW. Leptospirosis is caused by one of many serovars (types) of the bacteria Leptospira. It can affect many species, including cattle and humans, causing fever/flu like signs in both species. In cattle, it can cause abortions and severe organ damage Leptospirosis is caused by infection with Leptospira germs (bacteria). The infection passes from animals (commonly rats, cattle, pigs and dogs) to humans. In most cases, leptospirosis causes a mild illness. But, in some people, a more severe illness occurs. This more severe form is commonly referred to as Weil's disease Caused by Leptospira bacteria, leptospirosis is an infectious disease that affects both humans and animals, including cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents (rats, mice) and wild animals. Often, infected animals do not have any symptoms but they may excrete the bacteria into the environment. Humans can become infected through contact with urine or other body fluids (except saliva) from infected. Causes. The pathogen is Leptospira. Wild animals and domesticated animals, such as cats, dogs, pigs, cattle, and mice, are the natural hosts. Leptospira parasitic in rodents are mainly Leptospira icterohaemorrhagica, which can infect humans and cause Weil's disease, also known as icterohaemorrhagic fever, while pretibial fever, also known as Fort Bragg fever, sometimes characterized by.

While the bacterium itself can cause Erysipelas, virus infections such as Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) or swine influenza, may trigger Erysipelas outbreaks as well. Erysipelas is uncommon in pigs under 8-12 weeks of age due to protection provided by maternal antibodies from the sow via the colostrum pig hunting fact sheet. Leptospirosis . Leptospirosis is caused by Leptospira species found in animal urine and animal tissues. Acute Q fever can cause a severe, influenza-like illness that is sometimes associated with hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) and pneumonia.. INTRODUCTION. Leptospirosis is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution. The disease is caused by infection with pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Leptospira. The incidence is highest during rainy seasons in tropical regions and during summer and autumn in temperate regions [Reference Levett 1, Reference Vinetz 2].Humans and animals are most commonly infected by Leptospira through. cause of death averaged nearly 5 aminoper- cent in 6 years, even though pen facili- ties and enteritis.care were better than average. Scours, especially in the first few days of life, claimed nearly neglected,4 percent of the pigs.- Classifications of deaths due to damother causes included chilling, 2 percent Leptospirosis, a zoonosis occurring in many domestic and wild animals, may cause inapparent illness or serious, even fatal disease in humans. Human infections are rare in the US. Leptospira are maintained in nature through chronic renal infection of carrier animals—commonly rats, dogs, cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and pigs

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The 10 Most Common Pig Diseases and How to Prevent The

Leptospirosis is also an important worldwide cause of abortions, still births and reproductive failure in cattle and pigs in particular and there is an increasing prevalence of leptospirosis in humans resulting from contact with infected livestock The main factor of transmission of the causative agent of leptospirosis is water contaminated with secretions (urine) of infected animals. Immediate causes of infection of people is the use of raw water for drinking, washing from open reservoirs, bathing in small weakly flowing ponds or fording them Leptospirosis is an infectious, contagious disease highly important to the world pig industry, which causes reproductive loss in breeding herds. Endemic infections in a herd may produce little evidence of clinical disease despite resulting in economic losses. However, some epidemiological features of leptospirosis in midwestern Brazil, such as risk factors and prevalence of the disease, remain.

Leptospirosis Mass

  1. Leptospirosis in Dogs: Causes. With the purpose to be more precise, we may list some animals that may transmit this disease: rats, skunks, bovines, and pigs. Contact with these animals might be risky. Dogs are more exposed to contract Leptospirosis if they have wounds, bites, o
  2. People who are seriously ill with leptospirosis often need to be hospitalised. Sparganosis. This is a condition affecting wild pigs mainly in northern areas. The immature form of the tapeworm spirometra erinacei becomes localised in the tissue of the pig, mainly under the peritoneum, as white structures resembling young tapeworms
  3. Although Guinea pigs do not spread diseases as frequently as other pets, they can pass some of their illnesses to their human companions or caregivers. Common diseases that are contagious to humans include lymphocytosis, salmonellosis, dermatophytosis, pasteurellosis, pneumonia and leptospirosis
  4. The serovar was originally isolated from rodents and pigs during an animal leptospirosis study in the island of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia , and has been found to be an important cause of human infections . Seroprevalence varied significantly between the five regions in our study, and ranged from 16.2% in the Central Division.
  5. Cause. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, caused by bacteria of genus Leptospira.Depending on location different serogroups are often more prevalent. Some examples of different serovars include hardjo, pomona, canicola, icterohaemorrhagiae, and grippotyphosa
Researchers identify key protein in leptospirosisLeptospirosis

Major Zoonotic Diseases Transmitted by Pigs - Vet Extensio

  1. Leptospirosis : Stillborn or weakborn pigs; abortion; returns to service Antibiotics (I,W,F) Vaccinate Can also affect humans Erysipelas Abortions; reproductive failure Antibiotics (I,W,F) Vaccinate Can also cause arthritis and skin lesion
  2. ed (2). Chronic carriers of leptospirosis are usually wild or domestic animals, such as rats, dogs, cattle, and pigs (3)
  3. Leptospirosis Introduction Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease resulting in abortion, decreased fertility and milk drop in cattle. Leptospirosis is a zoonosis - it can cause disease in humans. Farmers / farm-workers, abattoir workers and vets are the main risk groups. The disease in man is usually acquired from contact with the urine, placental material or [
  4. Leptospirosis is contagious to humans - it is carried in the urine and can cause serious injury in the human. Simple cleanliness (washing hands after handling urine) will prevent transmission, but children can be at risk. Pigs should be vaccinated for letprospirosis at 8 weeks, with a booster in 2 weeks. Then yearly. Actinobacillus.
  5. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that is spread from animals to human beings. It is caused by a bacterium Leptospira interrogans, which occurs more commonly in tropical climates. The disease is more common in the rural areas of most countries where people come into contact with animals regularly
  6. Leptospirosis iscaused by bacteria called leptospira, which is found in urine of infected animals and infection can spread from animals to humans. Rodents, Cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goat, pigs and dogs are considered common reservoirs of the bacteria that cause leptospirosis. The incubation period of leptospirosis is usually 5-14 days.
  7. In developing countries, estimates of the prevalence and diversity of Leptospira infections in livestock, an important but neglected zoonotic pathogen and cause of livestock productivity loss, are lacking. In Madagascar, abattoir sampling of cattle and pigs demonstrated a prevalence of infection of 20% in cattle and 5% in pigs by real-time PCR
Leptospirosis: Working with beef cattle | WorkSafeNAVLE at University of Florida - StudyBluePigProgress - Australia: New bait targets feral pigsFeral Swine – New York Invasive Species Information

The researchers from Malaysia have discovered two new strains of Leptospira a bacterial genus and some members of this genus could cause leptospirosis infection. One of these newly identified strains is highly capable of causing leptospirosis in humans. Typically, humans get leptospirosis from wild animals such as rats, cats, pigs, etc. sometimes it is asymptomatic [ Leptospirosis - DairyNZ. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria known as Leptospira. It can affect almost all mammals, and is one of the most common diseases transmitted from animals to humans in New Zealand. The severity of the disease is dependent on the host and lepto strain (serovar) combination Leptospirosis is an infection caused by the spirochaete genus of Leptospira. It is an emerging infectious disease with a worldwide distribution, it is prevalent in tropical areas such as South East Asia and Northern Australia. Severe forms may result in critical illness, including Weil disease and severe pulmonary haemorrhage pigs cattle Humans are contaminated by ingestion of contaminated water or through abraded skin [occupational hazard for farmers, miners and dock workers] organisms multiply in the blood - then go to the organs - may cause acute renal failure (cause of death